Mining Geologist

Mining geologists work in all aspects of the mining industry, from exploration, to mine design, to evaluating ore quality, and to assisting in minimizing the impact of mining on the local environment.



The mining industry has been a traditional employer of geoscientists. Though mining efforts have expanded greatly in parts of the world, especially South America, employment of geoscientists in the mining industry has remained stable. Geoscientists work in all aspects of the mining industry, from exploration, to mine design, to evaluating ore quality. More recently, many geoscientists working in the mining industry are also focusing on the environment, particularly in reclamation and groundwater management issues in an effort to minimize the impact of mining on the local environment.


Educational Requirements

Geoscientists need at least a bachelor's degree for entry-level positions. In several states, geoscientists may need a license to offer their services to the public. A Ph.D. is necessary for most high-level research and college teaching positions.

A degree in geosciences is preferred, although degrees in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, or computer science are usually accepted if they include coursework in geology.


Median Salary

The petroleum, mineral, and mining industries offer higher salaries, but less job security, than other industries because economic downturns sometimes cause layoffs. Median annual wages for the industries employing the largest number of geoscientists are as follows:

Oil and gas extraction


Federal Executive Branch


Architectural, engineering, and related services


Management, scientific, and technical consulting services


State government



Want to know more?

Profiles of Geoscientists-Career Cornerstone Center

Bureau of Labor Statistics-Geoscientists


Careers in Geosciences

Science Buddies-Geoscientists


Get Connected

Belonging to professional organizations & LinkedIn groups can provide you with networking, informational interviewing, & job shadowing opportunities, as well as assist you with finding internships and jobs.

List of Geoscience Professional Societies

Geology Professionals LinkedIn Group

List of Professional Organizations

The Career Connector for Purdue College of Science Students & Alumni


Get Experience

Companies that hire Geoscientists

Research & Internship Listings


Find a Job

Career Mine

Jobs 4 Mining

Geologists on Job Market LinkedIn Group

Geology Professionals LinkedIn Group

USA Jobs

Job Search Sites Related to Your Major


Information retrieved from,, 

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